How to Build a Website | A Step by Step Beginner’s Guide – Uploaded by
According to Code Condo , developers join these communities for:. Most themes will come with documentation that tells you how or even if you need to do this, so consult that for help if you need it. Before you do that, though, you should delete the sample page and post that WordPress automatically puts up on your site.
Construction Regulations PDF | PDF | Occupational Safety And Health | Construction Management.1. Creating Your First Page – Creating a Website: The Missing Manual, 4th Edition [Book]
Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries , many of which are provided by the GNU Project. Popular Linux distributions    include Debian , Fedora Linux , and Ubuntu , which in itself has many different distributions and modifications, including Lubuntu and Xubuntu.
Distributions intended for servers may omit graphics altogether, or include a solution stack such as LAMP. Because Linux is freely redistributable, anyone may create a distribution for any purpose.
Linux was originally developed for personal computers based on the Intel x86 architecture, but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system. Linux also runs on embedded systems , i. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open-source software collaboration.
The source code may be used, modified and distributed commercially or non-commercially by anyone under the terms of its respective licenses, such as the GNU General Public License GPL. The Linux kernel, for example, is licensed under the GPLv2, with a special exception for system calls , as without the system call exception any program calling on the kernel would be considered a derivative and therefore the GPL would have to apply to that program.
The availability of a high-level language implementation of Unix made its porting to different computer platforms easier. As a result, Unix grew quickly and became widely adopted by academic institutions and businesses.
Onyx Systems began selling early microcomputer-based Unix workstations in Later, Sun Microsystems , founded as a spin-off of a student project at Stanford University , also began selling Unix-based desktop workstations in While Sun workstations didn’t utilize commodity PC hardware like Linux was later developed for, it represented the first successful commercial attempt at distributing a primarily single-user microcomputer that ran a Unix operating system.
With Unix increasingly “locked in” as a proprietary product, the GNU Project , started in by Richard Stallman , had the goal of creating a “complete Unix-compatible software system” composed entirely of free software. Work began in By the early s, many of the programs required in an operating system such as libraries, compilers , text editors , a command-line shell , and a windowing system were completed, although low-level elements such as device drivers , daemons , and the kernel , called GNU Hurd , were stalled and incomplete.
Tanenbaum , a computer science professor, and released in as a minimal Unix-like operating system targeted at students and others who wanted to learn operating system principles.
Although the complete source code of MINIX was freely available, the licensing terms prevented it from being free software until the licensing changed in April Linus Torvalds has stated on separate occasions that if the GNU kernel or BSD had been available at the time , he probably would not have created Linux. While attending the University of Helsinki , Torvalds enrolled in a Unix course in the fall of It was with this course that Torvalds first became exposed to Unix.
In , he became curious about operating systems. Later, Linux matured and further Linux kernel development took place on Linux systems. Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his invention ” Freax “, a portmanteau of “free”, “freak”, and “x” as an allusion to Unix. During the start of his work on the system, some of the project’s makefiles included the name “Freax” for about half a year.
Initially, Torvalds considered the name “Linux” but dismissed it as too egotistical. To facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP server ftp. Ari Lemmke, Torvalds’ coworker at the Helsinki University of Technology HUT who was one of the volunteer administrators for the FTP server at the time, did not think that “Freax” was a good name, so he named the project “Linux” on the server without consulting Torvalds.
Adoption of Linux in production environments, rather than being used only by hobbyists, started to take off first in the mids in the supercomputing community, where organizations such as NASA started to replace their increasingly expensive machines with clusters of inexpensive commodity computers running Linux.
Commercial use began when Dell and IBM , followed by Hewlett-Packard , started offering Linux support to escape Microsoft ‘s monopoly in the desktop operating system market. Today, Linux systems are used throughout computing, from embedded systems to virtually all supercomputers ,   and have secured a place in server installations such as the popular LAMP application stack. Use of Linux distributions in home and enterprise desktops has been growing.
Linux’s greatest success in the consumer market is perhaps the mobile device market, with Android being the dominant operating system on smartphones and very popular on tablets and, more recently, on wearables.
Linux gaming is also on the rise with Valve showing its support for Linux and rolling out SteamOS , its own gaming-oriented Linux distribution. Linux distributions have also gained popularity with various local and national governments, such as the federal government of Brazil. Greg Kroah-Hartman is the lead maintainer for the Linux kernel and guides its development. These third-party components comprise a vast body of work and may include both kernel modules and user applications and libraries.
Linux vendors and communities combine and distribute the kernel, GNU components, and non-GNU components, with additional package management software in the form of Linux distributions. Many open source developers agree that the Linux kernel was not designed but rather evolved through natural selection. Torvalds considers that although the design of Unix served as a scaffolding, “Linux grew with a lot of mutations — and because the mutations were less than random, they were faster and more directed than alpha-particles in DNA.
Raymond considers Linux’s revolutionary aspects to be social, not technical: before Linux, complex software was designed carefully by small groups, but “Linux evolved in a completely different way. From nearly the beginning, it was rather casually hacked on by huge numbers of volunteers coordinating only through the Internet.
Quality was maintained not by rigid standards or autocracy but by the naively simple strategy of releasing every week and getting feedback from hundreds of users within days, creating a sort of rapid Darwinian selection on the mutations introduced by developers. Such a system uses a monolithic kernel , the Linux kernel , which handles process control, networking, access to the peripherals , and file systems.
Device drivers are either integrated directly with the kernel, or added as modules that are loaded while the system is running. The GNU userland is a key part of most systems based on the Linux kernel, with Android being the notable exception. The Project’s implementation of the C library works as a wrapper for the system calls of the Linux kernel necessary to the kernel-userspace interface, the toolchain is a broad collection of programming tools vital to Linux development including the compilers used to build the Linux kernel itself , and the coreutils implement many basic Unix tools.
The project also develops Bash , a popular CLI shell. Many other open-source software projects contribute to Linux systems. Installed components of a Linux system include the following:  .
The user interface , also known as the shell , is either a command-line interface CLI , a graphical user interface GUI , or controls attached to the associated hardware, which is common for embedded systems. For desktop systems, the default user interface is usually graphical, although the CLI is commonly available through terminal emulator windows or on a separate virtual console. CLI shells are text-based user interfaces, which use text for both input and output.
Most low-level Linux components, including various parts of the userland , use the CLI exclusively. The CLI is particularly suited for automation of repetitive or delayed tasks and provides very simple inter-process communication.
Most popular user interfaces are based on the X Window System , often simply called “X”. It provides network transparency and permits a graphical application running on one system to be displayed on another where a user may interact with the application; however, certain extensions of the X Window System are not capable of working over the network. Org Server , being the most popular. Server distributions might provide a command-line interface for developers and administrators, but provide a custom interface towards end-users, designed for the use-case of the system.
This custom interface is accessed through a client that resides on another system, not necessarily Linux based. Several types of window managers exist for X11, including tiling , dynamic , stacking and compositing. Window managers provide means to control the placement and appearance of individual application windows, and interact with the X Window System. Simpler X window managers such as dwm , ratpoison , i3wm , or herbstluftwm provide a minimalist functionality, while more elaborate window managers such as FVWM , Enlightenment or Window Maker provide more features such as a built-in taskbar and themes , but are still lightweight when compared to desktop environments.
Wayland is a display server protocol intended as a replacement for the X11 protocol; as of [update] , it has not received wider adoption. Unlike X11, Wayland does not need an external window manager and compositing manager. Therefore, a Wayland compositor takes the role of the display server, window manager and compositing manager. Enlightenment has already been successfully ported since version Due to the complexity and diversity of different devices, and due to the large number of formats and standards handled by those APIs, this infrastructure needs to evolve to better fit other devices.
Also, a good userspace device library is the key of the success for having userspace applications to be able to work with all formats supported by those devices. The primary difference between Linux and many other popular contemporary operating systems is that the Linux kernel and other components are free and open-source software. Linux is not the only such operating system, although it is by far the most widely used. Linux-based distributions are intended by developers for interoperability with other operating systems and established computing standards.
Free software projects, although developed through collaboration , are often produced independently of each other. The fact that the software licenses explicitly permit redistribution, however, provides a basis for larger-scale projects that collect the software produced by stand-alone projects and make it available all at once in the form of a Linux distribution.
Many Linux distributions manage a remote collection of system software and application software packages available for download and installation through a network connection.
This allows users to adapt the operating system to their specific needs. Distributions are maintained by individuals, loose-knit teams, volunteer organizations, and commercial entities. A distribution is responsible for the default configuration of the installed Linux kernel, general system security, and more generally integration of the different software packages into a coherent whole.
Distributions typically use a package manager such as apt , yum , zypper , pacman or portage to install, remove, and update all of a system’s software from one central location. A distribution is largely driven by its developer and user communities.
Some vendors develop and fund their distributions on a volunteer basis, Debian being a well-known example. In many cities and regions, local associations known as Linux User Groups LUGs seek to promote their preferred distribution and by extension free software.
They hold meetings and provide free demonstrations, training, technical support, and operating system installation to new users. Many Internet communities also provide support to Linux users and developers. Online forums are another means for support, with notable examples being LinuxQuestions.
Linux distributions host mailing lists ; commonly there will be a specific topic such as usage or development for a given list. There are several technology websites with a Linux focus. Print magazines on Linux often bundle cover disks that carry software or even complete Linux distributions.
Although Linux distributions are generally available without charge, several large corporations sell, support, and contribute to the development of the components of the system and of free software. The free software licenses , on which the various software packages of a distribution built on the Linux kernel are based, explicitly accommodate and encourage commercialization; the relationship between a Linux distribution as a whole and individual vendors may be seen as symbiotic.
One common business model of commercial suppliers is charging for support, especially for business users. A number of companies also offer a specialized business version of their distribution, which adds proprietary support packages and tools to administer higher numbers of installations or to simplify administrative tasks.
Another business model is to give away the software to sell hardware. As computer hardware standardized throughout the s, it became more difficult for hardware manufacturers to profit from this tactic, as the OS would run on any manufacturer’s computer that shared the same architecture. Most programming languages support Linux either directly or through third-party community based ports. First released in , the LLVM project provides an alternative cross-platform open-source compiler for many languages.
A common feature of Unix-like systems, Linux includes traditional specific-purpose programming languages targeted at scripting , text processing and system configuration and management in general. Linux distributions support shell scripts , awk , sed and make.
Building a web site for dummies pdf free
Senate passes climate, health and tax bill in major win for Democrats; Ceasefire begins between Israel and Palestinian militants; Investigating vehicle training deaths in the military. Aug 05, · The latest fashion news, style tips and show reports from Fashion on Telegraph. In depth analysis, advice, photos and videos. History. TRIZ in its classical form was developed by the Soviet inventor and science fiction writer Genrich Altshuller and his associates. He started developing TRIZ in while working in the “Inventions Inspection” department of the Caspian Sea flotilla of the Soviet replace.me job was to help with the initiation of invention proposals, to rectify and document them, and to prepare.
Building a web site for dummies pdf free
To put it in simple terms, your domain name is your address on the internet. Registering your domain name is critical for online success. Websites with a customized domain are automatically perceived by internet users as more professional and trustworthy.
When chosen wisely, a domain name also helps search engines like Google and Bing understand what your website is about. This is important because it helps bring in more traffic to your website. Now, how do you choose a domain name for your brand? To make it memorable, keep it:.
Short: The longer it is, the higher the chances of visitors misspelling it. Simple: Avoid symbols, special characters and numbers. Professional: Your domain name should incorporate your own name or your business name, to avoid confusion.
Evocative: Hint about what you do into your domain name by incorporating words that are related to your business. You can find out if your dream domain name is available by using this domain registration tool. Pro tip : Picking a domain name also means using the right domain extension. This includes your images, text, logo, videos, and more. Wix comes with a wide selection of media features, including a library of over one million free photos from our partners at Unsplash, Vector illustrations , and interactive videos that are exclusive to Wix.
While having plenty of material on your website is great, remember to always put quality over quantity. Finally, make sure your content is fully branded.
Think of your website as an online persona – everything from the written content to the colors and fonts you use should reflect who you are or what your brand identity is. Pro tip: New to the marketing game, or feel like you could sharpen up your brand language? From creating a logo to defining your tone of voice, this guide explains everything you need to know about building a solid brand identity. Every business is unique, and so is every website.
Nevertheless, there are some traditional sections that your site visitors will expect to see. Homepage : You have one chance to make a good first impression, and your homepage is it. It should clarify who you are and what you do, and serve as a starting point for visitors to navigate through your site. Make sure it contains the most crucial information: your logo, the name of your business, and a navigation menu inviting visitors to browse further.
About Us page: Tell your story, and share your values, methods and any other information that defines your brand with an About Us page. Contact page: When visitors want to reach out, they should be able to get hold of you easily.
Make sure to include your phone number, postal address, business email address and social media accounts. You can also consider adding a live chat widget that gives visitors the chance to reach out and get an immediate response, or a contact form where they can write their message directly through your site.
Extras but highly recommended :. When you design a website with a product or service page in mind, here are some key recommendations: Add high quality product photography, write precise and engaging product or service descriptions, and be transparent about your conditions such as shipping, return, or cancelation policies.
A blog: Creating a blog boosts your reputation as an expert, helps you foster a loyal community, and is an effective way to drive traffic to your website.
You can write about your clients success stories, case studies, interviews or yourself events you attend, new employees, and more. But the most valuable blog ideas will come from your own expertise. Your readers will love to discover the tips, methods and hacks you use to solve the problems you meet, and will definitely appreciate the added value. Testimonials: An honest testimonials page is a wonderfully effective addition to your website design. If the purpose of your website is to bring in new customers, leverage the power of word-of-mouth and let your satisfied clients do the selling for you.
Splash page: A splash page acts as a preview to your site, greeting visitors before they reach your homepage. Resumes are boring. Career experts tell you to make your resume a one-page, size 11 Time New Roman document printed with black ink with no pictures. How are you supposed to represent — and differentiate — yourself with that? Plus, your resume becomes static and outdated the moment you hand it to someone. A website is the complete opposite of a resume. Everything bad about resumes can be fixed simply by having a website.
The moment you accomplish something, you can add it to your website. When you complete a project, you can put it in your portfolio for all to see. If all you have is a resume, you have to go out and hand it to people to get your name out.
However, if you have a website, you can be found by a much wider audience and control what it is they see first. This is key for establishing your personal brand and for highlighting your accomplishments. Personal websites may be more common in than they were ten years ago, but the vast majority of students and job seekers are still relying on resumes and job search websites.
Succeeding today requires that you make yourself stand out, and having a website can help you do that. Learning how to build a website involves a number of different skills, especially if you get into customizing and optimizing things. I sure hope so, because this guide is going to teach you exactly how to build that awesome website! I spent over 15 hours writing this guide as well as taking screenshots and editing them with the intent of making it the ultimate resource for getting yourself online.
Keep an eye out for that in Step 3. Ashley does all the illustrations and graphic design for this website. And she uses her personal site to showcase both her illustrations and lettering work:.
Otherwise, feel free to truck through the whole guide in order. Knowing code can be useful for tweaking and customizing things later, but you can get the basics down without knowing so much as a lick of HTML! You can get in touch with me on Twitter or via email. Note 2: I recommend some specific products and services in this tutorial. I want to be very clear that there are definitely other good choices for your domain and hosting out there.
If you do choose to use my link, thank you! Alright, enough with the preliminary stuff. There are a number of ways to put up a website. For instance, you could just create a free blog at Weebly or WordPress. One of my favorite entrepreneurs, Srinivas Rao , gave this tip for aspiring bloggers:.
Still, having a free site on WordPress. And the first rule of choosing a domain name is…. What makes a good domain name? If you have a common name like I do , this will likely to taken already.
You can also use a clever play on your name if none of the above works. There are also lots of weird new domain extensions these days, like. It used to be that you had to buy your domain name separately from your web hosting. Now, however, you can get them from the same place, right at the same time. Note to your wallet: this is the only part of the process that will cost you any money.
There are literally a zillion options for web hosting out there. You can go with a shared account, a VPS, or go crazy and pay for your own dedicated server. Outside of connecting and networking with other developers, there are plenty of resources you can tap into to further your understanding of web development. Whether you want to explore back-end, front-end, or full-stack coding, here are a few online courses and classes recommended by HubSpot developers. All content and resources on TutorialsPoint are free.
Between tutorials, ebooks, and videos, TutorialsPoint provides a host of learn-to-code options. Users can take courses, listen to podcasts, or take lessons on a wide variety of web development topics.
Khan Academy is a well-known free educational resource. Users can learn anything from macroeconomics to linear algebra to US history, as well as a handful of computing topics. With thousands of articles, videos, and interactive lessons, as well as worldwide study groups, freeCodeCamp helps thousands of developers and engineers learn about programming and land development jobs. Team Treehouse is a subscription-based online learning program.
Users pay a monthly fee and gain access to hundreds of courses on over 20 different topics. According to Code Condo , developers join these communities for:. Stack Overflow was introduced nearly 15 years ago and has since become one of the most popular programming communities in the world. Stack Overflow is a great place to go with questions because most of the time, other developers have asked and answered the same ones.
The forums in Stack Overflow keep you connected to other developers while also keeping you informed. Mozilla Development Network MDN is known to be more thorough and accurate than other online resources. MDN is useful when learning how certain functions work and staying up-to-date on coding and development news. Reddit is a forum-based community where developers of all levels gather to ask and answer questions.
Web developers are on the front lines of these innovations and improvements — from this blog to your favorite social network to the apps you use on your phone, web development is everywhere. Editor’s note: This post was originally published in November and has been updated for comprehensiveness. Originally published May 5, AM, updated May 05 The Beginner’s Guide to Website Development Written by Allie Decker Read about the basics of web development, the process of creating a website, and additional resources for those who want to learn more.
Download Now. What is website development? Web Development Basics What is a website? What is an IP address? What does HTTP mean? All rights reserved. Feature tour. Become a partner. Log in. Get started. How to build a website click by click. Templates are categorized by industry or site type. Take a few for a spin before you settle on your favorite.
Rather than leaving you to do this all by yourself, website builders support you through the process with templates.
Templates provide a framework for your website — a canvas for you to paint the content of your site onto. The top builders provide hundreds of templates across dozens of categories. Whatever the focus of your site is, there will be a template for it. These are just a handful of the other categories you can expect to find when starting your own website:. Choose different templates, browse them, see if they fit. The whole point of templates is choice, so dive in and find one that feels right for what you want to achieve.
Time to customize your template with your own content and images. Before long, your website will really start to look like your website. As we said in the last step, templates provide a framework.
Given how many people use builders to make a website nowadays, odds are there are a few sites out there with the same framework as yours. At the very least you will need to populate a chosen template with content specific to you. Building a website is like cooking a dinner. Just like cooking, knowing how to build a website from scratch is much easier with the right tools and instructions. A template gives you a recipe — you can choose to follow it or you can mix up the ingredients and style to give your dish your own flavor.
What goes into customizing a website? Website builders are very flexible these days. Customization can include:. They understand their purpose is to make web design easy. You can almost always play around with templates as part of the free trials, so you can get a sense of how easy customization is without spending a cent. Make sure all the copy on your site is the best it can be — check out our guides for more tips! Now, on to images. When it comes to picking the right pictures for your site, quality is key.
Blurry images are simply out of the question. Some website builders have a bank of free images available for you to use. If not, there are plenty of free image sites available online, such as Unsplash and Pixabay two of our favorites.
Installing these apps is super simple — just head to the App Market or equivalent for your builder. There, just like the App Store, you can see how much an app will cost although many are free , what it does, and its user rating.
Wix has over apps in its App Market. More than half of Google searches are carried out on mobile, and this number is only on the up. Making your mobile experience a seamless one is a must for any successful site — particularly because of the benefits that mobile responsiveness can have in terms of making your website more accessible. Slow down there. Knowing how to make a website is one thing. Publishing your website blindly is another. Always preview changes to your website before publishing them.
You need to be sure things are working the way you want them to. Some of the key questions to ask are:. Be vigilant. It would be a massive shame to build your own website, only to publish an unfinished site.
Website builders make previewing your site really easy. Usually you just have to hit the preview button in the editor mode to see what your website would look like live. Most offer a toggle so you can see how it works on different screen sizes. You can make a change and then just hit preview to see how it would look live.
All done? Tell your friends, shout about it in crowded streets, hire a blimp — get the word out. Your site is now live for the world to see. How very exciting. For more specific guides to website creation — such as how to make a booking website , or how to build a membership website — explore the range of diverse guides on our site. Anyone can make a website, and literally costs nothing to find out.
Take a couple of builders for a spin and see what happens. You just may wind up creating something wonderful. Building a free website is fairly common these days. Most website builders offer a free plan, or a trial plan.
Overall, Wix offers the best and most comprehensive free plan of all the website builders. Most, if not all, of the content will have to be moved over manually. Website builders are a bit clingy.
On most builders you can create your website in less than an hour. The best way to make a website is to give yourself a solid day to play around with the software and fine tune your site. It can take much longer than this to make a website site though — it depends on how many pages you have and how much customization you need to do.
How to create a website that ranks in Google will require good content, and a bit of background research into SEO. Building websites that people can find is key to a good website marketing strategy, and not that hard to do. If you already have a Wix, Weebly, or Squarespace website or any generic website builder you can upgrade to an ecommerce price plan which will unlock sales features and tools.
However, we recommend Shopify or BigCommerce which are ecommerce-specific platforms, offering the best tools for growing your business. It has the most intuitive drag-and-drop design on the market, and offers plenty of visual cues so you never feel lost. You can build an online store with website builders like Weebly , Wix , or Squarespace by upgrading to their ecommerce plans, which will give you access to their sales tools.
However, we recommend using an ecommerce-specific platform like Shopify or BigCommerce because they have better sales features. Website builders have everything you need to create a website in one place. You can add imagery, videos, new pages, contact forms and everything else, without having to code.
With open source platforms like WordPress,you have to code everything yourself, and organize web hosting and security certificates.
It depends on what you want your website to do.